Fenomenologi Sebagai Filsafat dan Usaha Kembali ke Permulaan

​Abstrak: Dalam pengantar pada karyanya Phenomenology of Perception, Merleau-Ponty praktis mengidentikkan filsafat dengan fenomenologi sebagai usaha untuk mempelajari kembali bagaimana cara melihat dunia. Dalam upaya tersebut ia mengajak pembaca, mengikuti slogan khas fenomenologi Husserl, untuk kembali ke permulaan atau benda-benda itu sendiri. Yang menarik adalah bahwa permulaan yang di-analisis oleh Merleau-Ponty justru tubuh manusia, sebuah dimensi yang cenderung dipandang rendah dalam sejarah filsafat Barat. Read more

Creativity and God in Whitehead’s Process Philosophy

Abstract: The category of creativity unquestionably occupies a central position in Alfred North Whitehead’s philosophy of organism. Its employment is hardly surprising given his project to establish a speculative philosophy that is compatible with modern science. This article examines the use of such a category in this project and argues that the separation between creativity and God causes several problems, including the absence of an ontological principle that may ground the interaction of the various elements in this metaphysical scheme. Read more

Sartre’s Theory of Imagination and La Nausée

Abstract: This article compares Jean-Paul Sartre’s theory of imagination, particularly as explicated in his philosophical work, The Imaginary (1940), with his novel La Nausée (1938). Following his mentor, Edmund Husserl, Sartre criticizes “the naïve metaphysics of the image” and views imagination as an act of consciousness. He further holds that imagination operates as a quasi-observation and posits its object as nothingness; in phenomenological terms, the image is given as “absent to intuition.” Sartre also distinguishes purely mental objects from non-mental objects, all of which can be found in his novel La Nausée. Read more