Pluralitas dan Konsep Pengakuan Intersubjektif dalam Pemikiran Axel Honneth

Abstrak: Pemisahan antara ruang privat dan publik merupakan solusi liberalisme atas tantangan pluralitas masyarakat modern. Dalam kaca mata politik pengakuan, solusi liberalisme tidak mencukupi. Liberalisme dianggap mengenal individu hanya sebagai subjek hukum dan karena itu hanya dapat memperhatikan tuntutan validitas hukum. Dalam kaca mata liberalisme, kesetaraan subjek-subjek hukum hanya dapat dijamin jika aspek-aspek tradisi, kultural dan konsep hidup baik dijauhkan dari politik. Read more

Martabat Manusia Sebagai Basis Etis Masyarakat Multikultural

Abstract: Since the issue of the war against global terrorism emerged, the discourse surrounding the concept of human dignity returns as a normative basis for the protection of basic human rights. The term human dignity has existed since the days of ancient Greek philosophy and was further developed in dialogue with medieval Christian theology and the secular thought of modern times. This article places special emphasis on the understanding of human dignity as defined by a secular thinker and exponent of the Enlightenment, Immanuel Kant. Read more

Membaca John Rawls dalam Terang Dialog Antarperadaban

Abstract: The clash of civilisations is a clear result of the globalization process. Thus the question of whether inter-cultural dialogue is possible becomes crucial. A response to this issue is not only a concern for the social sciences; philosophy also has a role in seeking out a rational foundation for life together amidst a plurality of ideologies and concepts of the good life. Immanuel Kant, for instance, attempted to create a consensus based on formal moral law with universal application. However, Kant’s claim to universal rationality has been criticized as being caught up in Western ethnocentrism. John Rawls, nurtured in Kant’s tradition, attempts to translate Kant’s rational concept in a new way in order to bridge the variety of cultures and life-views of modern society. Read more